Welcome to the MechWarrior: Living Legends Combat Guide!
This tutorial will lead you through the many aspects of combat in MWLL, as here you will find essential information and various hints regarding combat. This guide is intended to be a relatively general overview and will not go too deep into details of specific match-ups.
The goal of this guide is to give you the answer to the question of "Can I win this fight?". There is a lot of depth to combat, even when looking only at one-on-one duels, and since combat is the main activity in MWLL, knowing its ins and outs is of vital importance.
Know Thy Enemy
Knowing what your potential opponents are capable of is necessary to figuring out how to beat them. Most 'Mechs and some vehicles have visually distinct variants, so a visual identification of the exact variant a player has is often possible with some exposure to the particular silhouettes of common variants. This lets you do two things: first, it lets you understand the precise capabilities of the target. Second, you can then determine whether the target is a threat or not.
Checking the opponent's current armor status is also very helpful, when possible. This will reveal whether they have already suffered damage and which locations you should target to secure a quick victory.
Once you have an idea of what your opponent is capable of and roughly how much punishment they can sustain, you will need to determine whether they are likely alone or not, along with what is happening in the area. Should you find a heavily damaged target retreating to a forward base with a Mech Hangar, it may be dangerous to charge in and engage. This is because one of their teammates may have just built a new 'Mech as you arrive, leaving you in a very difficult position facing down two hostiles instead of one.
Conversely, if you spot a target pushing forward without any support at all and you have a clear advantage in armor and/or firepower, engage! Even if the opponent in this scenario is stronger than you are, simply tying them down and requesting support can remove the threat from the field, netting you and your teammates a healthy amount of CBills while doing so.
Some players call this kind of awareness game sense. It takes time and practice to gain a firm grasp of it, however you will become a much better MWLL player as a result.
Armor & Damage
Nearly every asset (exception being BAs and base defense turrets) have multiple armored components, each with separate armor values. To destroy an asset, at least one critical component needs to be destroyed. The critical components are:
- For Mechs:
- Center Torso and Head
- For Vehicles:
- Hull (which can only be destroyed by first destroying one component [turret, front, back, left or right] and then continuing to shoot that component after it has reached zero armor.
- For VTOL & Aerospace:
All the other components play an additional role. Destroying them will weaken but not destroy the asset in question. When the turret armor on a tank is reduced to zero, its pitch and yaw speed are reduced and further damage to the turret will be redirected to the hull. Destroyed back armor will result in reduced top speed. Destroyed side and back armor cause extra damage to the hull. Aerospace that lose their wing, tail, or engine permanently lose some of their maneuverability. A 'Mech missing one of its legs will tumble to the ground, making it an easy target. A legged 'Mech can still rotate its torso, use Jump Jets, and - should it still be facing them - shoot at its opponents. See the Armor article for further information. Destroyed side or back torsos cause the center torso to take extra damage. Side torsos may also contain destructible weapons.
The fastest way to destroy your target is to deal as much damage as possible to one of its key components. This allows quick removal of opponents and high score rewards. If possible, aim for a 'Mech's back torso, as there is less armor than on the front and damaging/destroying the back torso will cripple your opponent, making them easier to bring down.
When your have sustained heavy damage in one particular area, try torso twisting to prevent opponents from hitting the same location again.
If heavy damage has been sustained all over, go back to base and repair! You will extend the lifetime of your asset that way and let you keep the money you have already earned -- remember that if you have less money on hand than your rank would give you upon spawn, that money is lost should you die.
In an otherwise equal match-up or even a 'mirror-match' between two identical assets, the deciding factor is almost always targeting. While improving your aim takes time and experience in-game, there are some points to keep in mind during a battle.
Against certain assets, such as the Uller A or Thanatos A, it is often a good idea to destroy the arm containing their main weapon, as such designs suffer heavily if they lose it. Laser weapons in particular are very good at precisely taking out key components. However, attacking the arms is not always a good strategy, especially against well-armored variants. In these cases, consider directing your fire at the center torso or the weakest/easiest to-hit side torso, as 'Mechs will suffer increased damage to their center torso if their side torso is damaged after it has been destroyed.
If you find your opponent specifically targeting one area of your asset, you can try re-positioning yourself so that this damaged side is not visible to them -- this is known as torso or arm blocking. For 'Mechs, this means pivoting your torso away when you are not firing to shield the damaged side, which can be difficult for variants built around delivering a constant stream of fire. In tanks, coming to a near-stop and pivoting on spot will get your damaged face out of the line of fire and bring a fresh side to bear.
It is challenging to fight well when uncertain about what each weapon is and what it is best suited for. Take some time and read over the Weapons tables to learn more about all of the weapons available in MWLL. The testing centre servers also give you a place to see what each weapon does.
In a nutshell, when buying an asset, knowing the advantages and disadvantages of its loadout and using it toward victory is crucial. An opponent, especially an experienced one, will try to use the disadvantages of your unit - if your main weapons are LRMs, they will try to slip within the minimum range of your missiles. Conversely, an opponent will stand back and snipe you if all your weapons are short-ranged.
Grouping & Fire Modes
The importance of configuring your weapons properly cannot be understated, especially since the default weapon groupings often put a lot of different weapons on one trigger, causing unnecessary heat buildup or a loss of potential damage. You can configure your own weapon groupings using the arrow keys to select a weapon and group, then pressing Enter or Right Control to assign/unassign that weapon from the selected group.
Most of the time, you will want to group weapons with similar range profiles and properties together. Let's use the Mad Cat Prime as an example:
- On your first trigger, group both your ERLLs on their own. They are your main precision long-range weapons and will often be used to fire on anything you see when you can handle the heat output.
- Next, consider grouping both your LRM20 packs together. Being missile weapons, you will want to fire these only when you have lock and a clear view of your opponent.
- For the third group, assign both your ERMLs. You can also put the MPL on this trigger if you want, although you will be generating a fair bit of excess heat for no reason when firing at targets beyond 500m.
- Last, place your two MGs on the fourth trigger. You can also assign the MPL to this group. This weapons group can be used when fighting Battle Armor or to provide additional damage in a brawl.
Some 'Mechs with a large number of identical energy weapons, such as the Puma C or Masakari C will often require two separate groups containing half of their total laser array in order to mitigate heat buildup.
With your weapons set up, we'll take a look at fire modes next.
Chain Fire (default key: [Backspace]) means the weapons in a group will fire sequentially, one after the other, every time the trigger is pressed. This is very helpful for controlling heat buildup or maximizing the screenshake effect of missile weapons. It can also be helpful when you're learning how to lead weapons with a travel-time; for example, your asset may have two PPCs. If you fire them both at once and miss, you may lose the chance to deal any damage at all by the time they are ready to fire again. With Chain Fire active, you may miss one shot but land the second after a quick aim re-adjustment.
It is highly recommended to not Chain Fire low-damage-per-shot/high damage-per-second (DPS) weapons such as small lasers, Ultra AutoCannons or X-Pulse lasers as their damage comes from being focused as a group instead of firing one at a time and from their fast recycle times. Ultimately, the decision about whether or not to employ Chain Fire is up to you.
Group Fire, refers to firing several weapons at the same time with the press of only one button. Group fire helps focus the damage of all of an asset's weapons on one location and allows the pilot to spend less time aiming. Group Firing is heat-inefficient and isn't recommended for high heat weapons like ERPPCs. Group firing works best for weapons with similar projectile speeds. Group firing LRMs and Gauss, for example would be a bad idea.
Managing your heat well is a necessity on many maps for a number of assets. Some of these, such as the Warhawk Prime, can melt themselves down very quickly without taking the proper steps to keep heat at a minimum.
- Consider using Chainfire for weapons like ERPPCs, or group them separately from the rest of your loadout. In the case of the Warhawk Prime, you can group your PPCs by arm, dividing the four PPCs into two groups of two. This will give the 'Mech a chance to cool a bit between volleys.
- Exercise firing discipline. Some weapons have poor heat-to-damage efficiency and it is simply not worth using them in certain situations.
- Flush Coolant to rapidly disperse heat via the [C] key. Remember that coolant is limited and can be refilled when you go to repair.
- Standing in water will aid heat dissipation. This effect increases the more submerged your asset is, ranging from a slight bonus when water reaches your ankles to a dramatic increase when fully submerged.
- Try to avoid taking high-heat assets on maps with a high ambient temperate (Inferno) or where heat sink efficiency is poor until you become more familiar with managing that assets' heat spikes.
For more information, see the Heat article.
Movement and maneuvering on the battlefield is essential to survival on the battlefield. While staying still allows for better aim, your opponent will benefit from this as well. It also opens you up to being destroyed very quickly, or even headshot by veteran players.
While under fire try to move as fast as possible, if your Mech is equipped with MASC (activated with [left shift]) you can use it for quick bursts of speed as your heat allows, which is useful for throwing off your enemies' aim. If possible, do not turn your back to your enemy. A Mech's back torso has a fraction of the armor of its front. That said, attempt to shoot your enemies in their back armor whenever possible. Use terrain to your advantage - hills or rocks will cover a retreat should it be necessary. Remember that it is almost always beneficial to return to your base and repair rather than give your enemy extra Cbills from your death. Unless your weaponry is purely short range, your opponent's weapons are disadvantaged at short range (i.e. LRMs), or terrain necessitates it try not to move in a straight line toward your enemies. Keep in mind the optimal range of your own weaponry, as well.
In many fights, two 'Mechs will try to get behind the other, resulting in a circle lock. If there is no outside influence on the battle, usually the pilot who can get inside the other players' turning circle and has more precise gunnery will win the engagement. Sometimes, it is necessary to slow down or start turning in the opposite direction to regain positioning.
Assets with moderate speed and long-range weapons can fire and then run away, even as the enemy pursues them. If the enemy is a slow asset with short-range weapons it might be impossible for it to close in, allowing the kiting asset to lay down continual fire without fear of return fire. Kiting is especially important for weapons that have a minimum range, where the enemy needs to be a certain distance away in order for missiles to properly detonate. In the case of kiting with lock on weapons, it helps to have a 360 degree torso or turret rotation so that the target lock can be maintained without having to turn the entire vehicle chassis all the way around.
Cover is an essential part of being able to fight effectively. Good cover can be one of many things, from a building or a hill or even a large boulder. What cover enables you to do is fire upon a target and give you a place to safely cool down or wait for your weapons to recycle. You are also more difficult to spot and are exposed for less time than if you were in the open -- as a result, seek cover during a longer-ranged firefight whenever possible.
Conversely, if your target is in cover, you may want to either keep your crosshairs where they will emerge, letting you attack them first or try circling around to flank them by moving to a position where their cover element is no longer protecting them.
With the [R] key any unit (with exception of Battle Armor) can switch to and from Passive Radar. In this mode its visibility on enemy radar is reduced by half, while the unit's own radar range is reduced to 300 meters. This has a multitude of uses, such as flanking maneuvers, ambushes, and avoiding artillery fire, and easy approach towards missile campers. Proper use of passive radar can greatly increase your longevity in battle. Perhaps the most important use of passive radar is hiding from Aerospace and Long Toms. Long Toms in particular usually don't visually acquire targets, so running on passive makes you nigh impossible to hit, save by luck or standing near an ally in Active Radar mode. Aerospace Fighters have BHP or BAP which allows them to detect passive targets from distance. Despite this, while flying at a safe distance they would have to be directly above a passive unit and thus would have a hard time safely attacking it without risking a crash.
Many players, including veterans, often forget to select camouflage in the buy menu before buying their asset. On some maps, this causes them to stick out like sore thumbs from their surroundings. Make it a habit to buy camo before every asset you ever purchase, unless you are pressed for time as it can be the difference-maker in being fired upon and slipping past the opposing team unseen. After all, it is 100% free!
Pillars of Victory
To sum everything up, there are four pillars of victory:
- Knowledge - Know when to engage, when to wait for reinforcements and when to fall back for repairs.
- Aiming - Shoot your enemy's critical components to destroy them, or others to disarm or disable them.
- Weapons - Understand how to use them and base your tactics around the ranges your weapons and your enemy's weapons function best at.
- Mobility - When under fire, never stand still. Take advantage of a stationary enemy.